Historical regions in the county

Lower Ciuc (Ciucul de Jos)

Lower Ciuc (Ciucul de Jos) used to be the affiliated seat of Ciuc. It is a 18 km long, 10 km wide elliptical basin with the River Olt and the Fisag as its main waterflows. Most of its settlements are situated at the foot of the mountains as well as on higher terraces in the east, while there are much fewer villages on the Olt river flats as well as on its flood- proof edge (from Sancraieni as far as Tusnad). Lower Ciuc is the country of the potato. The first data referring to potato-growing date from 1801-1805.

The fame of Lower Ciuc is the coloured carpet of Ciuc. This Szekler carpet is made of wool and is decorated with coloured geometrical figures (Sancraieni, Sanmartin). The pieces of the women's folk costume: "chepes" (bonnet), kerchief, shirt with frilly sleeves, long chemise, waistcoat, petticoat, apron and boots. The pieces belonging to men's wear are: hose, shirt, short jacket, felt jerkin and boots.

The microregion can be well reached along National Roads 12 and 11B and with destination traffic on inferior subsidiary roads (eg. Ciucsangeorgiu and its neighbourhood). The ever developing tourism at Baile Tusnad requires the improvement of the level of receptiveness but the nature and environment protection should remain prevailing factors.

The microregion abounds in nature protection values. The mineral water springs and the mofettes can stand at the basis of the spa tourism further on. The main problem of the holiday- land use is the mediocre level and capacity of the touristic supply. With appropriate development, local holiday- and watersports centres can be created along the Olt.