Harghita County in the statistics

Agriculture

Since the lands of the state farms and cooperatives were given back to their rightful owners, private farming has been practiced on most of the crop lands. Only 10% of the total agricultural area belong to coperatives, trading companies or are cultivated by lessees.

The breaking up of the lands, lack of organization of the sales as well as the lack of sales companies led to the deterioration of some plant cultures traditional in the country. Thus, for example, sugar beet and flax were grown on a 250 ha area only in 2001.

In cultivation, the summary of the sown areas in the county in 2001 was the following:

Cropsown area (ha)
Spring wheat2,813
Spring rye9,327
Oat6,386
Maize5,106
Pea1
Bean3
Lentil24
Flax6
Sugar beet235
Broomcorn190
Autumn potatoe15,078
Vegetable1,504
Fodder plant3,800
Experimental sowns95
Total44,568

There is a significant increase in the production of the private farms, except sugarbeet-growing that has been deteriorating because of lack of market since 2001.

The structure and extent of the livestock:

AnimalStock (thousand capitas)
Cattle75
Pig65
Sheep and goat148
Poultry520
horse22,3
Colony of bees9.2

A gradual increase in the livestock can be noticed in comparison to the decrease in the past years.

In 2001, in the framework of different forms of countenance, the agriculturists of Harghita county received a total of 40.8 billion lei support.

The SAPARD programme started in the framework of a preparatory programme called RURAL INITIATIVE in Harghita county. In course of this, 39 applications were submitted by the farmers, out of which two received the support and financing.