Ciuc region

Sâncrăieni(Csíkszentkirály)

Lying on both sides of the River Olt, along National Road 12 and no. 123A county road, Sâncrăieni is the first settlement of Lower Ciuc. It is situated 8 km far from Miercurea-Ciuc (along no. 123A county road). The village of the Andrássy family has an area of 142 km2. The number of the inhabitants was 2,429 in 1992, all Magyars except 27 Romanians and 20 Gypsies. Administratively the villages Leliceni, Misentea, Sântimbru, Sântimbru-Băi, Fitod, Hosasău belong to the commune. The locals are famous stone and wood carvers, the women make the famous Szekler painted carpets. As another inhabited place of the village “Fürészhágóalja” was registered on the turn of the 19-20th centuries.

Several wooden crosses can be seen along the main road. Formerly stone was exploited here and there used to be a paper-mill, a saw-factory, tile-factory, woocomber and many people dealt with carts. Today there are barrel and parquet factories and two mineral water bottling factories as well: the Harghita and the Perla Harghitei. Sâncrăieni is perhaps the richest in mineral water springs in Szeklerland.

The Roman Catholic Church preserving the elements of several architectural styles is a registered historical monument of Harghita county (1992). Today's church, surrounded by a strong stone wall, was built in

The Graveyard Chapel or Lord Chapel built in Baroque style is also a registered historical monument of Harghita county (1992)..

The 1 km long, 50-200 m wide Borsaros nature conservation area lies on the right bank of the Olt, at 651 m altitude, to the left of the road leading to Sansimion. it can also be approached from Jigodin Bai (half an hour walking). It is a typical mineral water spring marsh. Its 15 ha area is covered by marsh plants, with glacial plants: dwarf birch (Betula humilis), marsh stone-break (Saxifraga hirculus), the insectivore sundew (Drosera anglica), ashflower (Ligularia sibirica). The tundral Meesea hexasticha moss species has its southernmost appearance in the world. The marsh is 'fed' by the lukewarm water of 108 mineral water springs. The curative effect of the carbonic water was early recognized. Strong carbon-dioxide gas-leaking can be observed in several wells and cellars in the village. As medicinal water it is primarily used in the treatment of hypertension, disturbance of circulation, nervous diseases, colds.

A bottling factory with 9,000 bottles/hour capacity (Perla Harghitei) can be found to the left of the road. New entrepreneurs: Vitarom Kft. and Kraiten Rt. (Tel: 066-116-231, 171-063).