Borsec region

Bilbor (Bélbor)

Bilbor is the northernmost settlement of Harghita county. In the north it borders on Suceava county along the Tomantec Stream. Until the 1860s it had been the northernmost settlement of Szeklerland; then half of the border belonged to Ditrau commune as it alpine periphery. The no. 174 county road branching off northwards from National Road 15 leads to Dragaioasa (31 km) then to Vatra Dornei in Suceava county. Bilbor is situated 28 km far from the Toplita railway station and 9 km far from the border of Suceava county. The distance between Bilbor and Capu Corbului is 18 km along the no. 174. county road. In 1992, only 71 Magyars lived in the commune centre of Romanian majority (2,850). There are 780 buildings in the village. On 1st January 1996 Bilbor counted 2,908 inhabitants.

Bilbor lies in the valley of the Bistrita Mica, at 900-1053 m altitude, in the middle of an enormous pine-forest. Seven streams flow into the Bistrita Mica on the area.

The touristic values of Bilbor are represented by the mainly carbonic mineral water springs of different composition and the medicinal bogs. Bilbor is the richest commune in mineral water of Harghita county with its almost 700 mineral water springs. Its alpine bogs famous for their glacial plant species (marsh trefoil, dwarf willow) are also fed by mineral water. In the west the Calimani Mountains rise to which belong the foot of Bilbor (1,087 m), Watershed (1,376 m), Forest Peak (1,505 m), Tulghes Pass (1,456 m), then, in the north, Platános (1,479 m) and Alunis (1,440 m - forming the border towards the Glodi Basin). Along the crest we can reach the Rachitis Peak (2,021 m) to the west.

Significant mineral water springs:

1. Those under Bâtca: the Susca, Hangan, Stan Ion, Dumitru Bici, Ioan Nichitei, Simon Lungu springs. 2. At the foot of Bilbor (Piciorul Bilborului) : the Truta and Gh. Raita springs. 3. Eastern springs: the Albu spring , on the northern slope the Vâlcanesti, the Borvízpataki (Borkút)-springs.

TheOrthodox Wooden Church of Bilbor(Biserica "Sf. Nicolae") built at the end of the 18th century is registered among the historical monuments of Harghita county (1992). Its valuable frescos are the masterpieces of the naive painting.

TheRoman Catholic Wooden Church (No.203) was built in 1899. It burnt down in 1990. It was registered as a historical monument of Harghita county.

The building of the Primary School and the building of the council were built in 1936-1938. They appear on the List of Historical monuments of Harghita county (1992).

The Pâraul Dorneanu" Bog is one of the eight alpine bogs of Bilbor. The 3 ha bog lying in the valley of the Dorneanu Stream at 910 m altitude is a floristic conservation area.

Walking tours:

  1. 1. Bilbor - Valea Sestinei - Naureasca Crest: blue cross sign, 7 km, level difference: 490 m, duration: 2.5 hours.
  2. 2. Bilbor - Borkút Stream - the upper section of the Bistrita Mica - Alunis Saddle (1,440 m - Alunis)- Dragoiasa village: blue stripe, 10 km, level difference: 412 m. Duration: 3.5 hours.
  3. 3. Bilbor - Vaman Stream - Neagra Brosteni Valley: blue cross, 7.5 km, level difference: 366 m, duration: 3 hours.
  4. 4. Rachitis - Naureasca Crest - Toplicioara clearing: red dot then red stripe, 12-14 km, 5-6 hours, Coada Vacii hospice.
  5. 5. Bilbor - Toplicioara clearing - Racila Peak (1,389 m) - Alunis Saddle - Vaman Saddle - Harlagi Crest (1,589 m) Tiblesul Peak (1,669 m): red stripe, 30 km, level difference: 1,720 m, duration: 10-12 hours.