Băile-Tușnad

Băile-Tușnad (Tusnádfürdő, Bad Tuschnad, Kaiserbad)

Băile Tușnad is the scenic spot of international fame and resort of the east part of Szekler-land. It is the pearl of Transylvania and the Carpathians, a well-known resort of the country, one of the most beautiful alpine spas of Harghita county. Due to its geographical situation and landscape endowments, Băile Tușnad enjoys great popularity. It can be approached on the 12 highway. The settlement is situated 32 km far from Miercurea-Ciuc, 37 km from Sfantu-Gheorghe, 35 km from Baraolt and 67 km from Brasov. The Szekler circular railway has a station at the spa, that can be regarded as the main gate of Harghita county. In November 1934 Băile Tușnad was separated from Tusnad. Today it is the only town of the basin of Ciucul de Jos.

Băile Tușnad is the smallest town in Romania. It received the town status in May 1968 thanks to its mineral waters and spa. In 1992 the town had a total number of 1,953 inhabitants, out of which 1,822 Magyars. Since 1992, Băile Tușnad houses several international conferences. The picturesque environs, the Piatra Soimului and its surroundings, the Lovers' clearing, Lake Saint Ann, the paths of the pine forest, the specialties of the Szekler cuisine, the carriage walks - are only some of the many attractive possibilities offered to the guests by Băile Tușnad.

The spa and climaterical resort lies in a peculiarly beautiful environs at the eastern ending of the volcanic South-Harghita, at the foot of the Ciomad block, in the pass of the Olt in Baile Tusnad (606 m). It borders the Baraolt-mountains in the south-west, and the Bodoc-mountain range in the south-east. The subalpine climate, its air rich in negative ions is a significant touristic factor. The average altitude of the spa is 656 m.

Băile Tușnad lies at the eastern foot of the Piatra Soimilor (848 m or 853 m) and on the western slopes of the Ciomatu-mountain (1301 m). At the way out of the pass we can admire the Bicsad-valley-basin.

Ciomatul is the youngest volcanic mountain in the Carpathians. The twin-craters prove that there was still an active volcanic activity in the Pleistocene period. Today the post-volcanic phenomena can be observed. In the crater of the Ciomatul is situated the only volcanic lake of Middle-Europe that has remained in a good state, Lake Saint Ann, while in the twin-crater the Mohos-peat-bog can be seen.

The main water-course of the spa is the Olt-river into which several streams flow. The artificial Lake Ciucas was created from the water of the Olt and a small holiday place was also created around it which hosts a skate-rink in the winter.

The pass of the Olt at Băile Tușnad (or Tusnad-pass, 606 m). It was formed on the western side of the Ciomatul-Puciosul volcanic mountains.

Sights along the main road (National Road , Olt street)

The new Roman Catholic church It was built in modern style in 1982-83, in the place of the small old chapel. Touristic attraction.

Opposite the Catholic church, on the left side of the road the Ortodox church can be seen. It was built between 1939-1978 in three stages.

Along the main road (post road): (hydrothermal) spa named Ilona-spa, store, Tusnad hotel, Culture Centre, Anna-restaurant.

Walk along the Voinței street: the Ciucas and Olt hotels can be seen here, the Ilona-spring, Rezső-spring, the Balneoclimateric Centre (functioning since 1977), Apor- and Mikes- springs, hostels, restaurants, Mókus confectionery (cake-shop).